A Gothic Field Guide MtoZ
medieval - the Middle
Ages, arguably 1100 - 1650.
mullions - stone
piers dividing a window into two or more lights.
aship) - the main body of a church or cathedral. Sometimes defined
as the central aisle only.
newel - the
supporting upright pillar around which winding steps, or winders, are
supported; typically found in cathedral and castle architecture of the
|xx||niche (Fr. a
nest) - a recess in a wall for the reception of a
ogee - the "s" shaped
molding usually seen in Gothic architecture.
Oriel window - appearing in chapels, public and private houses in the Gothic style, a window that projects from the outer face of a wall and supported by corbels. Also known as a bay window.
|xx||Perpendicular style - the name given to late 15th
century English Gothic architecture as lines became longer and carving
more elaborate. Also know as Flamboyant
- a slender, pointed summit placed on top of buttresses, gables,
plate tracery - the
simplest, earliest form of tracery, ca. 1300.
porch - a projecting,
enclosed doorway, usually a side entrance located at the north and
south transepts of a cathedral.
|xx||quatrafoil - tracery
constructed from four foils. See cinquefoil.
quoin - a corner
Rose window - a
circular window with heavily foliated tracery branching out from a common
Gothic Rose Windows
|xxx||springer - the
horizontal stone which the first arch stone rests upon, or springs
transepts - in
cathedral architecture, the north and south projections or "arms" of the
cross. See cathedral.
trifoil - tracery in three foils.
tympanum - a panel
above a main portal, or doorway, usually heavily
voussoir - a
wedge-shaped stone that makes up an arch. The center voussoir is the
wreathed columns -
those twisted in the shape of a screw.
zigzag - an ornamental molding in both Romanesque and Gothic architecture. Also known as dancette or chevron molding.
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