h e V i r t u a l A b b e y : A M e d i e v
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| Scriptorium | Wine
a decorated Initial formed from the human figure.
- large format book of songs and chants intended for The
Divine Office and usually displayed on a lectern to
be read by an entire choir.
- book of real or imaginary animals commonly described
in terms of popular wisdom rather than scientific method, i.e.,
in the Aberdeen Bestiary, left, in which we learn that
dogs are "the most intelligent of all animals and are devoted
to humans..."; the most elaborate bestiaries are those from
the British Isles and French versions written in the Vernacular.
- hardwood covers of medieval manuscripts surrounded in
soft leather to guard against dust, humidity and bookworms.
of Hours - book for private devotions containing prayers
for different hours of the day. Its humble beginnings were traced
to 10th century monastic life. Their secular appeal grew proportionately
'eye candy' (who said it originated with the Web?) that was employed
in illuminating dramatic Biblical scenes and the lives of popular
saints. Small and prettily decorated, among the best-known books
of hours include the 13th century Trés Riches Heures.
service book essential to the medieval monastery for celebrating
The Divine Office in daily
the manuscript style named for the 8th century Carolingian Empire
under whose rule Charlemagne ordered monasteries begin using the
neat, easily read script, Carolingian Minuscule - in some
ways a natural progression of Insular:
- primarily important to historians for providing the name
the scribe and illustrator, the owner of the manuscript, or the
person who commissioned it (also see Scribe).
Colophons may also include the monks' own and often jaded, personal
God increase sense for those who desire to write."
is excessive drudgery. It crooks your back, it dims your sight,
it twists your stomach, and your sides."
ends the second part of the title work of Brother Thomas Aquinas
of the Dominican Order; very long, very verbose; and very tedious
for the scribe; thank God, thank God, and again thank God."
anyone take away this book, let him die the death, let him be
fried in a pan; let the falling sickness and fever seize him;
let him be broken on the wheel, and hanged. Amen."