Inventions - The Spinning Wheel
invented the spinning wheel?
with many inventions of the era, no one individual can be credited
for it's creation.
no authentic spinning wheels survive from medieval times so primary
evidence comes from images and written records of the era.
spinning wheel evolved from ancient times when spinning was done
on a spindle, which is basically a stick with a stone or weight
day, sometime between 500 and 1,000 A. D., somewhere in China, Persia
or India and (perhaps inspired by the riches to be made in the Eastern
silk trade), someone turned a spindle on its side, added a pulley
and connected it to a drive wheel. The spinning wheel was born.
the invention met strong resistance by the time it reached Western
Europe in the early 13th century. Wool merchants saw it as an impairment
in quality by producing thread that was lumpy and uneven.
spinners often used a distaff, (a stick with a fork or comb on the
tip used to hold long-staple fibers while spinning) to hold their
fibers while they were spinning with a spindle. Although time consuming
and awkward, the method produced more consistently even thread.
the machine was simply more economical, saving almost half the work
of hand spinning and, with the later addition of a foot pedal...
the spinning wheel was off and running.
out more related resources to this article on the Web:
History and Evolution of Spinning
Spinning in the Middle Ages & Renaissance